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473 GRE vocab words that you need to know for the test

I’ve taken this list from my GRE text completion and sentence equivalence book. This is a list of the most important words to know for the GRE exam.

If you’re looking for practice questions with these words and detailed explanations, get the book!

Abasementnounthe action or fact of abasing or being abased; humiliation or degradation
Abateverbbecome less intense or widespread
Aberrantadj.deviating from normal or correct.
Aberrationnouna departure from what is normal, usual, or expected
Abeyancenouna state of temporary disuse or suspension
AbjureverbSolemnly renounce (a belief, cause, or claim)
AbreastadjectiveUp to date with the latest news, ideas, or information leave secretly and hide, often to avoid the law.
AbstainverbRestrain oneself from doing or enjoying something
Abyssnouna deep or seemingly bottomless chasm
Accessionverbthe action or process of formally joining an association or institution
Acerbicadjective(Especially of a comment or style of speaking) sharp and forthright
Acolytenouna person assisting the celebrant in a religious service or procession
Acumennounthe ability to make good judgments and quick decisions, typically in a particular domain
AdeptadjectiveVery skilled or proficient at something
advocatev., speak, plead, or argue for a cause, or in another’s behalf. (n) — one who advocates. make greater, to increase, thus, to exaggerate.
AgogadjectiveVery eager or curious to hear or see something
Allurenounthe quality of being powerfully and mysteriously attractive or fascinating
Altruismnounthe belief in or practice of selfless concern for the well-being of others unite or mix. (n) — amalgamation.
ambiguousadj.vague; subject to more than one interpretation
Ambivalentadjectivehaving mixed feelings or contradictory ideas about something or someone
ambrosialadj.extremely pleasing to the senses, divine (as related to the gods) or delicious (n: ambrosia)
anachronismn.a person or artifact appearing after its own time or out of chronological order (adj: anachronistic)
AnnulverbDeclare invalid
Anodyneadjectivenot likely to cause offence or disagreement and somewhat dull
anomalousadj.peculiar; unique, contrary to the norm (n: anomaly)
antediluvianadj.ancient; outmoded; (literally,before the flood)
antipathyn.hostility toward, objection, or aversion to
ApathynounLack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern
Apostlenouna vigorous and pioneering advocate or supporter of a particular cause
AppriseverbInform or tell (someone)
Arbiternouna person who settles a dispute or has ultimate authority in a matter
ArbitraryadjectiveBased on random choice or personal whim, rather than any reason or system settle a dispute by impulse (n: arbitration)
Armadanouna fleet of warships
Arsonnounthe criminal act of deliberately setting fire to property
Artlessadjectivewithout guile or deception
AscribeverbAttribute something to (a cause) make less severe; to appease or satisfy
attenuatev.weaken (adj: attenuated)
audaciousadj.extremely bold; fearless, especially said of human behavior (n: audacity)
AustereadjectiveHaving an extremely plain and simple style or appearance declare
banaladj.commonplace or trite (n: banality)
barefacedadj.unconcealed, shameless, or brazen
BarragenounA concentrated outpouring, as of questions or blows
Bevynouna large group of people or things of a particular kind
BilkverbObtain or withhold money from (someone) by deceit or without justification
blandishmentn.speech or action intended to coax someone into doing something
Blightnouna thing that spoils or damages something
Blitheadjectiveshowing a casual and cheerful indifference considered to be callous or improper
Blowhardnouna person who blusters and boasts in an unpleasant way
BolsterverbSupport or strengthen
BombasticadjectiveHigh-sounding but with little meaning (pertaining to speech)
Boornounan unrefined, ill-mannered person
Boycottnouna punitive ban that forbids relations with certain groups
breachn., v.a lapse, gap or break, as in a fortress wall. To break or break through.ex: Unfortunately, the club members never forgot his breach of ettiquette.
BucolicadjectiveRelating to the pleasant aspects of the countryside and country life
burgeonv., grow or flourish; a bud or new growth (adj: burgeoning )
Burlesquenouna variety show
buttressv., support. a support
Cacophonynouna harsh, discordant mixture of sounds get something by taking advantage of someone
Canardnounan unfounded rumor or story
Canonicaladjective(Of an artist or work) belonging to the literary or artistic canon
Capriciousadjectivegiven to sudden and unaccountable changes of mood or behavior chastise or criticize severely agent of change (adj: catalytic; v. catalyze)
Catharsisnounthe process of releasing and providing relief from strong or repressed emotions
causticadj.capable of dissolving by chemical action; highly critical: “His caustic remarks spoiled the mood of the party.”
ChauvinismnounExcessive or prejudiced loyalty or support for one’s own cause, group, or gender
chicaneryn.deception by trickery
Chronicadjective(Of a problem) long lasting and difficult to eradicate
CircumspectadjectiveWary and unwilling to take risks
Cloturenoun(in a legislative assembly) a procedure for ending a debate and taking a vote
CoalesceverbCome together and form one mass or whole
Codanouna concluding event, remark or section
Coffernounthe funds or financial reserves of a group or institution
Compendiumnouna collection of concise but detailed information about a particular subject
complaisantadj.willingly compliant or accepting of the status quo (n: complaisance)
CondoneverbAccept and allow (behavior that is considered morally wrong or offensive)
conflagrationn.a great fire
ConfoundverbProve (a theory, expectation, or prediction) wrong
ConscriptverbEnlist (someone) compulsorily
ContriteadjectiveFeeling or expressing remorse or penitence
corporaladj.of the body: “corporal punishment.” a non-commissioned officer ranked between a sergeant and a private.
corporealadj.of or having to do with material, as opposed to spiritual; tangible. (In older writings, coeporeal could be a synonym for corporal. This usage is no longer common) strengthen or support: “The witness corroborted his story.” (n: corroboration)
CossetverbCare for and protect in an overindulgent way
Coterienouna small group of people with shared interests or tastes
cravenadj., n.cowardly; a coward
Credulousadjectivehaving or showing too great a readiness to believe things
culpableadj.deserving of blame (n: culpability)
DaguerreotypenounA photograph taken by an early photographic process employing an iodine-sensitized silvered plate and mercury vapor
dearthn.lack, scarcity: “The prosecutor complained about the dearth of concrete evidence against the suspect.”
deferencen.submission or courteous yielding: “He held his tongue in deference to his father.” (n: deferential. v. defer)
DeignverbDo something that one considers to be beneath one’s dignity
DemurverbRaise doubts or objections or show reluctance show, create a picture of.
DepravitynounMoral corruption; wickedness
deprecationn.belittlement. (v. deprecate)
depredationn.the act of preying upon or plundering: “The depredations of the invaders demoralized the population.”
DerideverbExpress contempt for; ridicule make clear, to say dry out thoroughly (adj: desiccated)
diatriben.a bitter abusive denunciation.
Diatribenouna forceful and bitter verbal attack against someone or something
Dictumnouna short statement that expresses a general truth or principle
diffidentadj.lacking self-confidence, modest (n: diffidence)
DiffuseverbSpread out over a large area
DilateverbMake or become wider, larger, or more open
Dilettantenouna person who cultivates an area of interest without real commitment or knowledge free a person from falsehood or error: “We had to disabuse her of the notion that she was invited.”
DiscordantadjectiveDisagreeing or incongruous
Disingenuousadjectivenot candid or sincere
disparagingadj.belittling (n: disparagement. v. disparage)
dispassionateadj.calm; objective; unbiased conceal one’s real motive, to feign
Diurnaladjective(Of animals) active in the daytime
DivestverbRid oneself of something that one no longer wants or requires, such as a business interest or investment
DocileadjectiveReady to accept control or instruction; submissive
DoffverbRemove (an item of clothing)
doggedadj.stubborn or determined: “Her dogged pursuit of the degree eventually paid off.”
dogmaticadj.relying upon doctrine or dogma, as opposed to evidence
Doteverbbe extremely and uncritically fond of
DrolladjectiveCurious or unusual in a way that provokes dry amusement
Drossnounsomething regarded as worthless
DyspepticadjectiveOf or having indigestion or consequent irritability or depression
EbullientadjectiveCheerful and full of energy
Echelonnouna level or rank in an organization, a profession, or society
eclecticadj.selecting or employing individual elements from a variety of sources: “Many modern decorators prefer an eclectic style.” (n: eclecticism)
Eddyverb(of water, air, or smoke) move in a circular way
EdifyverbInstruct or improve (someone) morally or intellectually
efficacyn.effectiveness; capability to produce a desired effect
Effigynouna sculpture or model of a person
effluentadj., nthe quality of flowing out. something that flows out, such as a stream from a river (n: effluence)
Egressnounthe action of going out of or leaving a place
ElucidateverbMake (something) clear
emollientadj., n.softening; something that softens strive to equal or excel (n: emulation)
encomiumn.a formal eulogy or speech of praise
endemicadj.prevalent in or native to a certain region, locality, or people: “The disease was endemic to the region.” Don’t confuse this word with epidemic.
Endemicadjective(Of a disease or condition) regularly found among particular people or in a certain area
EndowverbProvide with a quality, ability, or asset weaken or destroy the strength or vitality of: “The heatenervated everyone.” (adj: enervating) give rise to, to propagate, to cause: “His slip of the toungue engendered much laughter.”
enigman.puzzle; mystery: “Math is an enigma to me.” (adj: enigmatic)
EphemeraladjectiveLasting for a very short time
Epistemologynounthe theory of knowledge, especially with regard to its methods, validity, and scope
Epithetnounan adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality characteristic of the person or thing; a term of abuse
equivocaladj.ambiguous; unclear; subject to more than one interpretation — often intentionally so: “Republicans complained that Bill Clinton’s answers were equivocal.” (v. equivocate)
ErrantadjectiveErring or straying from the proper course or standards
Ersatzadjective(Of a product) used as a substitute, typically an inferior one, for something else
eruditeadj.scholarly; displaying deep intensive learning. (n: erudition)
EsotericadjectiveIntended for or likely to be understood by only a small number of people with a specialized knowledge or interest
Ethosnounthe characteristic spirit of a culture, era, or community
eulogyn.a spoken or written tribute to the deceased (v. eulogize)
Euphonynounthe quality of being pleasing to the ear increase the bitterness or violence of; to aggravate: “The decision to fortify the border exacerbated tensions.” demonstrate or prove to be blameless: “The evidence tended to exculpate the defendant.”(adj: exculpatory)
Exemplarnouna person or thing serving as a typical example or excellent model
exorbitantadj.exceeding customary or normal limits, esp. in quantity or price: “The cab fare was exorbitant.”
ExpiateverbAtone for (guilt or sin)
explicitadj.fully and clearly expressed existence, still existing: The only extant representative of that species.”
ExtolverbPraise enthusiastically
Façadenounthe face of a building
FacetiousadjectiveTreating serious issues with deliberately inappropriate humor
Factionnouna small, organized, dissenting group within a larger one, especially in politics
FalterverbMove unsteadily or in a way that shows lack of confidence
fathomn., v.a measure of length (six feet) used in nautical settings. to penetrate to the depths of something in order to understand it: “I couldn’t fathom her reasoning on that issue.” seek favor or attention; to act subserviantly (n, adj: fawning) give false appearance or impression: “He feigned illness to avoid going to school.” (adj: feigned)
ferventadj.highly emotional; hot: “The partisans displayed a fervent patriotism.” (n: fervor)
Fetidadjectivesmelling extremely unpleasant
FlailverbFlounder; struggle uselessly
fledglingn., adj.a baby bird; an inexperienced person; inexperienced.
Floridadjectiveusing unusual words or complicated rhetorical constructions
flounderingadj.struggling: “We tried to save the floundering business.”
FloutverbOpenly disregard
FlukenounUnlikely chance occurrence, especially a surprising piece of luck
Foiblenouna minor weakness or eccentricity in someone’s character
Forageverb(of a person or animal) search widely for food or provisions
ForestallverbPrevent or obstruct (an anticipated event or action) by taking action ahead of time
FortuitousadjectiveHappening by a lucky chance
Fracasnouna noisy disturbance or quarrel
FreneticadjectiveFast and energetic in a rather wild and uncontrolled way
Friezenouna broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, especially on a wall near the ceiling
Fringenounthe unconventional, extreme, or marginal wing of a group or sphere of activity
Fusilladenouna series of shots fired or missiles thrown all at the same time or in quick succession
Gaffenounan unintentional act or remark causing embarrassment to its originator
GainsayverbSpeak against or oppose (someone)
GallnounBold, impudent behavior
GalvanizeverbShock or excite (someone), typically into taking action
Gambitnouna device, action, or opening remark, typically one entailing a degree of risk, that is calculated to gain an advantage
GarnerverbGather or collect (something, especially information or approval)
garrulousadj.verbose; talkative; rambling: “We tried to avoid our garrulous neighbor.”
Gerontocracynouna state, society, or group governed by old people
Gistnounthe substance or essence of a speech or text
GoadverbProvoke or annoy (someone) so as to stimulate some action or reaction
GossameradjectiveUsed to refer to something very light, thin, and insubstantial or delicate
GougeverbOvercharge; swindle
GrandiloquentadjectivePompous or extravagant in language, style, or manner
Grouseverbcomplain pettily; grumble
GrovelverbAct in an obsequious manner in order to obtain someone’s forgiveness or favor
guilen.skillful deceit: “He was well known for his guile.”
guilelessadj.honest; straightforward (n: guilelessness)
HalcyonadjectiveDenoting a period of time in the past that was idyllically happy and peaceful
Haplessadjective(Especially of a person) unfortunate
Haranguenouna lengthy and aggressive speech
headlongadj., adv.headfirst; impulsive; hasty. impulsively; hastily; without forethought: “They rushed headlong into marriage.”
HegemonynounLeadership or dominance, especially by one group over others
HermeticadjectiveInsulated or protected from outside influences
Heterodoxadjectivenot conforming with accepted or orthodox standards or beliefs
HomagenounSpecial honour or respect shown publicly
homogenousadj.similar in nature or kind; uniform: “a homogeneous society.” who attacks traditional ideas or institutions or one who destroys sacred images (adj: iconoclastic)
Idyllnounan extremely happy, peaceful, or picturesque episode or scene
Ignobleadjectivenot honorable in character or purpose
ImbueverbInspire or permeate with a feeling or quality
ImmutableadjectiveUnchanging over time or unable to be changed
Impassenouna situation in which no progress is possible, especially because of disagreement
impecuniousadj.penniless; poor
ImpetuousadjectiveActing or done quickly and without thought or care
implicationn.insinuation or connotation (v. implicate) suggest indirectly; to entail: “She implied she didn’t believe his story.” (n: implication) absence of foresight; a failure to provide for future needs or events: “Their improvidence resulted in the loss of their home.”
ImpugnverbDispute the truth, validity, or honesty of (a statement or motive) an initial or early stage; incomplete; disorganized: “The act of writing forces one to clarify incohate thoughts.”
InciseverbMark or decorate (an object or surface) with a cut or a series of cut
incorrigibleadj.not capable of being corrected: “The school board finally decided the James was incorrigible and expelled him from school.”
Incubusnouna cause of distress or anxiety
InculcateverbInstill (an attitude, idea, or habit) by persistent instruction
indelibleadj.permanent; unerasable; strong: “The Queen made an indelible impression on her subjects.”
Indictmentnouna formal charge or accusation of a serious crime
IndolencenounAvoidance of activity or exertion
ineffableadj.undescribable; inexpressible in words; unspeakable
InertadjectiveLacking vigor deduce: “New genetic evidence led some zoologists to infer that the red wolf is actually a hybrid of the coyote and the gray wolf.”
ingeniousadj.clever: “She developed an ingenious method for testing her hypothesis.”(n: ingenuity)
ingenuousadj.unsophisticated; artless; straightforward; candid: “Wilson’s ingenuous response to the controversial calmed the suspicious listeners.”
Ingratenounan ungrateful person hold back, prohibit, forbid, or restrain (n: inhibition, adj: inhibited)
innocuousadj.harmless; having no adverse affect; not likely to provoke strong emotion
Inquestnouna judicial inquiry to ascertain the facts relating to an incident, such as a death
insensibleadj.numb; unconscious: “Wayne was rendered insensible by a blow to the head.” unfeeling; insensitive: “They were insensibile to the suffering of others.:
InsipidadjectiveLacking vigour or interest
insularadj.of or pertaining to an island, thus, excessively exclusive: “Newcomers found it difficult to make friends in the insular community.”
intransigentadj.stubborn; immovable; unwilling to change: “She was so intransigent we finally gave up trying to convince her.” (n: intransigence)
Irascibleadjectivehaving or showing a tendency to be easily angered
ItinerantadjectiveTraveling from place to place
Knellnounthe sound of a bell, especially when rung solemnly for a death or funeral
LachrymoseadjectiveInducing tears; sad
laconicadj.using few words; terse: “a laconic reply.”
Laconicadjective(of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words
Lacunanounan unfilled space or interval; a gap
LambasteverbCriticize (someone or something) harshly
LarcenynounTheft of personal property
LargessenounGenerosity in bestowing money or gifts upon others
latentadj.present or potential but not evident or active (n: latency)
laudableadj.praiseworthy; commendable (v. laud)
LaxadjectiveNot sufficiently strict, severe, or careful
LeeryadjectiveCautious or wary due to realistic suspicions
leviathann.giant whale, therefore, something very large
Libertineadjectivea person who rejects accepted opinions in matters of religion
Limpidadjective(especially of writing or music) clear and accessible or melodious
Listlessadjective(Of a person or their manner) lacking energy or enthusiasm
Lividadjectivefuriously angry
LollverbSit, lie, or stand in a lazy, relaxed way
LucidadjectiveShowing ability to think clearly
LugubriousadjectiveLooking or sounding sad and dismal
LuridadjectivePresented in vividly shocking or sensational terms
Maelstromnouna situation or state of confused movement or violent turmoil
magnanimityn.generosity and nobility. (adj: magnanimous)
Magnatenouna wealthy and influential businessman or businesswoman
Malaproprismnounthe mistaken use of a word in place of a similar-sounding one, often with unintentionally amusing effect
malevolentadj.malicious; evil; having or showing ill will: “Some early American colonists saw the wilderness as malevolent and sought to control it.”
Malignadjectiveevil in nature or effect
MarverbImpair the quality or appearance of
MaudlinadjectiveSelf-pityingly or tearfully sentimental
Milieunouna person’s social environment
MinceverbUse polite or moderate expressions to indicate disapproval
Minionnouna follower or underling of a powerful person
Mireverbinvolve someone or something in (a difficult situation)
MirthnounAmusement, especially as expressed in laughter
Misanthropynouna dislike of humankind
misnomern.incorrect name or word for something who hates women make less forceful; to become more moderate; to make less harsh or undesirable: “He was trying to mitigate the damage he had done.” (n: mitigation)
Modestadjectivenot excessively large, elaborate, or expensive
ModishadjectiveConforming to or following what is currently popular and fashionable
Monolithicadjectivelarge, powerful, and intractably indivisible and uniform
MoroseadjectiveSullen and ill-tempered
MunificentadjectiveLarger or more generous than is usual or necessary
Musenouna person or personified force who is the source of inspiration for a creative artist
Nadirnounthe lowest point in the fortunes of a person or organization
Nascentadjectivejust coming into existence and beginning to display signs of future potential
Nattyadjective(of a person or an article of clothing) smart and fashionable
nefariousadj.wicked, evil: “a nefarious plot.”
Neophytenouna person who is new to a subject, skill, or belief
Nexusnouna connection or series of connections linking two or more things
Noisomeadjectivehaving an extremely offensive smell
Nonplussedadjective(Of a person) surprised and confused so much that they are unsure how to react
NormativeadjectiveEstablishing, relating to, or deriving from a standard or norm
Nostrumnouna pet scheme or favorite remedy, especially one for bringing about some social or political reform or improvement
obdurateadj.hardened against influence or feeling; intractable.
ObliqueadjectiveNot explicit or direct in addressing a point prevent by anticipatory measures; to make unnecessary:
OccludeverbStop, close up, or obstruct
opaqueadj.not transparent or transluscent; dense; difficult to comprehend, as inopaque reasoning
OpineverbHold and state as one’s opinion
ossifiedadj.turned to bone; hardened like bone; Inflexible: “The ossified culture failed to adapt to new economic conditions and died out.”
Overwroughtadjective(of a piece of writing or a work of art) too elaborate or complicated in design or construction
Paeannouna song of praise or triumph
Pallidadjective(of a person’s face) pale, typically because of poor health
PanachenounFlamboyant confidence of style or manner
panegyricn.a writing or speech in praise of a person or thing
Panoplynouna complete or impressive collection of things
Paragonnouna person or thing regarded as a perfect example of a particular quality
ParryverbAnswer (a question or accusation) evasively
Pastichenounan artistic work consisting of a medley of pieces taken from various sources
Paucitynounthe presence of something only in small or insufficient quantities or amounts
peccadillon.a small sin or fault
pedanticadj.showing a narrow concern for rules or formal book learning; making an excessive display of one’s own learning: “We quickly tired of his pedantic conversation.” (n: pedant, pedantry).
PellucidadjectiveLucid in style or meaning; easily understood
PenchantnounA strong or habitual liking for something or tendency to do something
perfidiousadj.deliberately treacherous; dishonest (n: perfidy)
Pertainverbbe appropriate, related, or applicable
petulantadj.easily or frequently annoyed, especially over trivial matters; childishly irritable
Phalanxnouna body of troops or police officers standing or moving in close formation
philanthropyn.tendency or action for the benefit of others, as in donating money or property to a charitible organization
PhilistinenounA person who is hostile or indifferent to culture and the arts
phlegmaticadj.not easily excited; cool; sluggish
PineverbMiss and long for the return of
Piquenouna feeling of irritation or resentment resulting from a slight
Pithyadjective(of language or style) terse and vigorously expressive calm or reduce anger by making concessions: “The professor tried to placate his students by postponing the exam.”
plasticadj.related to being shaped or molded; capable of being molded. (n: plasticity n: plastic)
PlatitudenounA remark or statement, especially one with a moral content, that has been used too often to be interesting or thoughtful
Plethoranouna large or excessive amount
Polemicnouna strong verbal or written attack on someone or something
ponderousadj.heavy; massive; awkward; dull: “A ponderous book is better than a sleeping pill.”
PositverbPut forward as fact or as a basis for argument
pragmaticadj.concerned with facts; practical, as opposed to highly principled or traditional: “His pragmatic approach often offended idealists.” (n: pragmatism)
precipicen.cliff with a vertical or nearly vertical face; a dangerous place from which one is likely to fall; metaphorically, a very risky circumstance
precipitatev., fall; to fall downward suddenly and dramatically; to bring about or hasten the occurrence of something: “Old World diseases precipitated a massive decline in the American Indian population.”
Précisnouna summary or abstract of a text or speech
precursorn.something (or someone) that precedes another: “The assasination of the Archduke was a precursor to the war.”
Presageverbbe a sign or warning of (an imminent event, typically an unwelcome one) stray away from or evade the truth: “When we asked him what his intentions were, he prevaricated.”(n: prevarication; prevaricator)
Prodigalnouna person who leaves home and behaves recklessly, but later makes a repentant return
Prolificadjective(of an artist, author, or composer) producing many works
PropheticadjectiveAccurately describing or predicting what will happen in the future conciliate; to appease: “They made sacrifices to propitiate angry gods.”
ProsaicadjectiveCommonplace; unromantic
Proxynouna person authorized to act on behalf of another
Prudishadjectivehaving a tendency to be easily shocked by matters relating to sex or nudity
Puerileadjectivechildishly silly and trivial
Pulchritudinousadj.beautiful (n: pulchritude)
Punditnounan expert in a particular subject or field who is frequently called on to give opinions about it to the public
Puristnouna person who insists on absolute adherence to traditional rules or structures
pusillanimousadj.cowardly, timid, or irreselute; petty: “The pusillanimous leader soon lost the respect of his people.”
Pyrenouna heap of combustible material, especially one for burning a corpse as part of a funeral ceremony
Quacknouna person who dishonestly claims to have special knowledge in some field
Qualmnounan uneasy feeling of doubt, worry, or fear
QuellverbSuppress (a feeling, especially an unpleasant one)
QuerulousadjectiveComplaining in a petulant or whining manner
QuibbleverbArgue or raise objections about a trivial matter
quiescencen.inactivity; stillness; dormancy (adj: quiescent)
Quiescencenouna state or period of inactivity or dormancy
Quixoticadjectiveexceedingly idealistic; unrealistic and impractical
QuotidianadjectiveOrdinary or everyday, especially when mundane
Raconteurnouna person who tells anecdotes in a skillful and amusing way make or become thin; to purify or refine (n: rarefaction, adj: rarefied)
Recalcitrantadjectivehaving an obstinately uncooperative attitude toward authority
RecantverbSay that one no longer holds an opinion or belief
Redressnounremedy or compensation for a wrong or grievance
Repastnouna meal
reproofn.the act of censuring, scolding, or rebuking. (v. reprove). repeal or annul
Reticencenounthe quality of not revealing one’s thoughts or feelings readily
RibaldadjectiveReferring to sexual matters in an amusingly rude or irreverent way
RococoadjectiveCharacterized by an elaborately ornamental late baroque style of decoration
RueverbBitterly regret (something one has done or allowed to happen)
RuminateverbThink deeply about something
sagaciousadj.having a sharp or powerful intellect or discernment. (n: sagacity).
SalientadjectiveMost noticeable or important
sanguineadj.cheerful; confident: “Her sanguine attitude put everyone at ease.”(Sangfroid (noun) is a related French word meaning unflappibility. Literally, it means cold blood)
SanguineadjectiveOptimistic or positive, especially in an apparently bad or difficult situation
Sardonicadjectivegrimly mocking or cynical satisfy fully or to excess
saturnineadj.having a gloomy or morose temperament
savantn.a very knowledgable person; a genious
Savantnouna learned person, especially a distinguished scientist
Scintillanouna tiny trace or spark of a specified quality or feeling
sedulousadj.diligent; persevering; persistent: “Her sedulous devotion to overcoming her background impressed many.” (n: sedulity; sedulousness; adv. sedulously)
SemanticadjectiveRelating to meaning in language or logic
Sobriquetnouna person’s nickname
Soliloquynounan act of speaking one’s thoughts aloud when by oneself, especially by a character in a play
SoporificadjectiveTending to induce drowsiness or sleep
speciousadj.seemingly true but really false; deceptively convincing or attractive: “Her argument, though specious, was readily accepted by many.”
Stigmanouna mark of disgrace associated with a particular circumstance, quality, or person
StipulateverbDemand or specify (a requirement), typically as part of a bargain or agreement
Stratumnouna thin layer within any structure
StrutverbWalk with a stiff, erect, and apparently arrogant or conceited gait
Sublimeadjectiveof very great excellence or beauty
SubpoenanounA writ ordering a person to attend a court
superficialadj.only covering the surface: “A superficial treatment of the topic was all they wanted.”
SupineadjectiveFailing to act as a result of moral weakness or indolence
SurlyadjectiveBad-tempered and unfriendly
SyncopationnounA displacement of the beat or accents in (music or a rhythm) so that strong beats become weak and vice versa
SynopticadjectiveTaking or involving a comprehensive mental view
Syntaxnounthe arrangement of words and phrases to create well-formed sentences in a language
tacitadj.unspoken: “Katie and carmella had a tacit agreement that they would not mention the dented fender to their parents.”
taciturnadj.habitually untalkative or silent (n: taciturnity)
TauntnounA remark made in order to anger, wound, or provoke someone
TawdryadjectiveShowy but cheap and of poor quality
temperateadj.exercising moderation and self-denial; calm or mild (n: temperance)
Tenetnouna principle or belief
TerseadjectiveSparing in the use of words
tirade (diatribe) angry speech: “His tirade had gone on long enough.”
ToadyverbAct in an obsequious way
Tomenouna book, especially a large, heavy, scholarly one
TorridadjectiveFull of difficulty or tribulation
tortuousadj.twisted; excessively complicated: “Despite public complaints, tax laws and forms have become increasingly tortuous.” Note: Don’t confuse this with torturous.
ToutverbAttempt to sell (something), typically by pestering people in an aggressive manner
tractableadj.ability to be easily managed or controlled: “Her mother wished she were more tractable.” (n: tractibility)
Transgressionnounan act that goes against a law, rule, or code of conduct
TreacherousadjectiveGuilty of or involving betrayal or deception
TruculentadjectiveEager or quick to argue or fight
Turgidadjective(of language or style) tediously pompous or bombastic
turpituden.depravity; baseness: “Mr. Castor was fired for moral turpitude.”
UmbragenounOffense or annoyance
UpbraidverbFind fault with (someone)
Urbaneadjective(Of a person, especially a man) courteous and refined in manner
vacuousadj.empty; without contents; without ideas or intelligence:: “She flashed a vacuous smile.”
Vapidadjectiveoffering nothing that is stimulating or challenging; bland
veneratev.great respect or reverence: “The Chinese traditionally venerated their ancestors; ancestor worship is merely a popular misnomer for this tradition.” (n: veneration, adj: venerable)
verboseadj.wordy: “The instructor asked her verbose student make her paper more concise.” (n: verbosity)
Verdantadjective(of countryside) green with grass or other rich vegetation
Vestigenouna trace of something that is disappearing or no longer exists annoy; to bother; to perplex; to puzzle; to debate at length: “Franklin vexed his brother with his controversial writings.”
VilifyverbSpeak or write about in an abusively disparaging manner
Virulentadjectiveextremely severe or harmful in its effects
viscousadj.slow moving; highly resistant to flow: “Heintz commercials imply that their catsup is more viscous than others’.” (n: viscosity)
VitriolnounCruel and bitter criticism
Vociferousadjective(Especially of a person or speech) vehement or clamorous
volatileadj.explosive; fickle (n: volatility).
voraciousadj.craving or devouring large quantities of food, drink, or other things. She is a voracious reader.
WafflenounLengthy but trivial or useless talk or writing
WaftverbPass or cause to pass easily or gently through or as if through the air
Wantonadjective(of a cruel or violent action) deliberate and unprovoked hesitate or to tremble
Welternouna large number of items in no order; a confused mass
WhetverbExcite or stimulate (someone’s desire, interest, or appetite)
WhitewashverbDeliberately attempt to conceal unpleasant facts about (a person or organization)
WhittleverbReduce something in size, amount, or extent by a gradual series of steps
Winnowverbblow a current of air through (grain) in order to remove the chaff
WinsomeadjectiveAttractive or appealing in appearance or character
WizenedadjectiveShriveled or wrinkled with age
wretchedadj.extremely pitiful or unfortunate (n: wretch)
WryadjectiveUsing or expressing dry, especially mocking, humor
XenophobianounIntense or irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries
Yokenouna wooden crosspiece that is fastened over the necks of two animals and attached to the plow or cart that they are to pull
zealn.enthusiastic devotion to a cause, ideal, or goal (n: zealot; zealoutry. adj: zealous)

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